The leaders of Georgia, Republic of Moldova and Ukraine lobbied the European Union at a summit on Wednesday to let them begin negotiations to join the bloc but for now, they are expected only to win reassurances of support against any possible Russian aggression, according to Reuters.
The one-day ‘Eastern Partnership’ summit also highlights the limited success of the EU’s approach to the six ex-Soviet republics it embraces, all of them in what Russia considers its backyard where it has existential security and other interests.
Of the six, Georgia, Republic of Moldova and Ukraine are all locked in territorial disputes with Moscow. The leaders of Armenia and Azerbaijan are attending the summit but are not seeking EU membership. Belarus’s President Alexander Lukashenko, hit by Western sanctions over his human rights record, stayed away.
“Our goal is full membership in the European Union,” Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy said on Twitter after meeting EU summit chair Charles Michel.
Excerpts of a draft final summit statement, seen by Reuters and due to be published later on Wednesday, show that the EU will acknowledge the European aspirations and the European choice of the five countries concerned.
Under the Eastern Partnership initiative, the EU is offering money, technical assistance and free trade but not membership. But joining the EU remains an attractive goal.
Russia’s relations with the 27-nation bloc have been very chilly since it seized Ukraine’s Crimea peninsula in 2014 after a pro-EU uprising in Kyiv, and backed separatists in eastern Ukraine, moves that prompted Western sanctions on Moscow.